Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina
No. 5. pp 14-18, Charleston, South Carolina, 1897.
Press of Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co.
IMMIGRANTS FROM 1690 TO 1700.
Humphrey, in his historical account of the incorporated Society
for the Propagation of the Gospel, etc., published in 1728, informs
us that "Carolina, although peopled at its first settlement
with the natives of these kingdoms - England, Scotland and Ireland
- until the year 1701 had no minister of the Church of England resident
therein." In which statement he was, no doubt, mistaken. Whether
the church contemplated to be built on the eastern branch of Cooper
river, near the T, by Cæsar Moze, was ever erected, agreeably
to its mention in his will, is not known, but it being mentioned
would seem to prove that at the time, at least an irregular service
was held by the Huguenots in that vicinity.
These, doubtless, formed the germ of the population of the parish
of St. Denis, in that part of it subsequently known as French or
Orange Quarter. It was not until the year 1703 that the first Episcopal
Church out of Charleston was built. This was at Pompion Hill, on
the Eastern branch of the Cooper river, midway between the T and
Huger's Bridge, in the parish of St. Thomas, adjoining St. Denis,
the two having afterwards been incorporated and known until the
present day as the parish of St. Thomas and St. Denis. The Pompion
Hill Church was first built of cypress and afterwards substantially
of brick. Concurrent circumstances prove that the French Protestant
refugees organized religious congregations for public worship in
every instance immediately after their first arrival in any part
of the country, and preceded all the denominations of Christians
in the introduction of the public worship of God wherever they became
Hewitt, in his History of South Carolina, says: "In 1690 King
William sent a large body of Huguenots to Virginia. Lands were allotted
them on the James river, which by their diligence and industry,
they soon improved into excellent estates. Others purchased land
from the Proprietors of Carolina, transported
themselves and families to that quarter, and settled a colony on
the Santee river. Others, who were merchants and mechanics, took
up their residence in Charleston, and followed their different occupations.
At this period these new settlers were a great acquisition to Carolina.
They had taken the oath of
allegince to the king, and promised fidelity to the Proprietors.
They were disposed to look on the settlers, whom they had joined,
in the favorable light of bretheren and fellow adventurers, and
though they understood not the English language, yet they were desirous
of living in peace and harmony with their
neighbors, and willing to stand forth on all occasions of danger
with them for
the common safety and defense.
Judge James, in his Life of Marion, says: About seventeen years
after the first settlement of Carolina, in 1690, and a short time
subsequently, between seventy and eighty French families, fleeing
from the bloody persecutions exerted against them in their mother
country, settled on the banks of the Santee. These extended themselves
at first only from the lower ferry at South Santee - Mazyck's Ferry
- about two miles below Wambaw Creek, in St. James Parish, to within
a few miles of Lenud's Ferry and back from the river into the Parish
of St. Denis, called the Orange Quarter. From this point, says Simms,
they gradually spread themselves out so as to embrace in partial
settlement the spacious tract of country stretching to the Winyaw
on the one hand and the sources of Cooper river on the other, then
extending upwards into the interior, following the course of the
Santee nearly to the point where it loses its identity in receiving
the descending streams of the Wateree and Congaree. Oldmixon, in
his history of Carolina, published in 1708, remarks of Craven County,
that it is pretty well inhabited by English and French. Of the latter
there is a settlement on the Santee river. The English settlement
embraced within the Parish of St. Stephens, was designated as English
Santee, while that below, composed of Huguenots in the Parish of
St. James, was called French Santee. A French dancing master, settling
in Craven County, says Oldmixon taught the Indians country dances,
and to play on the flute and hautbois - thus raising himself to
a good estate. It seems that the barbarians encouraged him with
the same extravagance as we do the dancers, singers and fiddlers
- his countrymen.
The Huguenots on the Santee had established residences north of
the river, within ten years of the supposed period of their first
settlement in that region of country. Although concurrent opinions
have designated the year 1690 as that in which a colony was first
seated there, circumstances would indicate an earlier period. This
will be more particularly referred to hereafter. There is on record
a power of attorney given by Peter de St. Julien de Malacare to
his son John, dated July, 1690, and witnessed by Henry le Noble,
René Ravenel, Peter Girard and Peter de la Salle residents
on that river. This, then, is a legal transaction which can scarcely
be supposed to have occurred in the first year of their migration,
- although somewhat possible.
We find on record another instrument of the same import, drawn by
Bartholomew Gaillard, vesting similar powers in his brother John,
dated May 22d, 1692. It appears that there were three brothers,
all residents on the Santee, the name of the third being Peter.
We find also a warrant under the name and seal of James Colleton,
Governor. dated 5th April, 1687, by virtue of which 200 acres
of land were surveyed and laid out for Henry Augustus Chastaigner
and Alexander Thesée Chastaigner on the Santee, in April,
1693. A grant for the same was issued March 12th, 1698-9. Another
warrant of survey is recorded in favor of John Francis Gignilliat
for 200 acres of land, dated January, 1688-9. Also an order to the
same effect from Joseph Morton, Governor, for 100 acres of land
to Nicholas de Longuemare, dated January 5th, 1685-6.
The several grantees were residents of Jamestown, on the Santee.
Pierre and Gabriel Manigault located there for a short time after
their arrival in Carolina, but the conditions did not seem favorable
to them and they returned to Charleston. If the date of their arrival
was 1686, it would prove that a partial settlement was made previous
About this time Benjamin Marion, the immigrant, arrived in the province.
The writer of "The Marion Family" Richard Yeadon, assigns
the date of this event to the year 1690, without any positive evidence
Dalcho very erroneously attributes it to the year 1694 and assigns
the same date to the arrival of Daniel Huger. In the journals
of the Governor and Council, commencing from 1670 is the following
memorandum viz., Whereas, Benjamin Marion hath made it appear yt
he hath at his proper cost and charge imported into the province
of Carolina seven persons, aged above sixteen years, to plant and
inhabit in ye sd province, named Benjamin Marion, Judith, his wife,
Andrew Dealean, Madeleine Bulnatt, Mary and Nicholas, servants,
Toby, and Rosa, a negro woman, and persons under yt age mentioned,
ye names of all which persons were registered in ye Secretary's
office, within fourteen days after their arrival in ye province
aforesaid. You are therefore to survey and admeasure out for
the said Benjamin Marion, three hundred and fifty acres of land
according to ye rules and portions appointed by ye Lords Proprietors.
Instructions for granting of land bearing date ye 6th February,
1692, of which survey you are to make certificate, ye wch, together
with a plott of ye sd land, and you are to take notice yt if ye
sd Benjamin Marion doth not, within ye space of ninety days after
ye surveying and admeasuring out ye sd land of 350 acres, take out
grants for the same, according as it is appointed by the power to
me given and granted by William, Earl of Craven, Pallatine, Anthony,
Lord Ashley, George, Lord Carteret, Sir Peter Colleton, Baronet
; Lith Lothill, Tho Archdale and Thomas Amye, Esquires, for conveying
land that then ye sd land is free to be made choice of, surveyed
or granted to any other person whatever.
Given under my hand and seal this thirteenth day of March, Ano Dmi
THO. SMITH, Governor.
To Job Howes, Surveyor.
This record would seem to determine the period of his arrival,
as having been between the 6th February, 1692-3, and the 13th March,
1693-4. Nothing conclusive, however, on the subject can be inferred
from it. The conjecture of Richard Yeadon is, therefore, probably
By order of Tho. Smith, Governor, dated 1693-4, 300 acres of land
were admeasured and laid out for Isaac Caillabæuf, he having,
at his own expense, brought into the province the following persons,
etc., their names having been registered in the office within fourteen
days after their arrival, viz.: Isaac Caillabæuf, Rachael
Caillabæuf, his wife, Peter Gaillard, Magdalen Gaillard, Mary
Rambert, and James Bonneau. As early as the year 1686, Paul Bruneau,
whose name is in a catalogue of Huguenot refugees resident on the
Santee, was the owner of land in Carolina.
List of Immigrent Families aboard Ship
Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina
No. 5. pp 20, Charleston, South Carolina, 1897.
Press of Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co.
Des François et Suisses Refugiez en Caroline qui souhaittent
d' être naturalizés
1. *ELIAS PRIOLEAU, fils de Samuel Prioleau, et
Merlat, né à en Xaintonge en France.
Jeanne Burgeaud, sa femme, né en L'isle de Ré.
Jeanne, leur fille, née à St. Jean D' Angely.
Sameul, Marie, et Marie Ester, leurs enfans néz en Caroline.
2. LAURENT PHILIPPE TROUILLART, né à
la fette Regnault
Roidam, fils de Pierre Trouillart et de Marie.
Madeleine Maslet, sa femme née à cet.
Élizabet et Madeleine leurs filles néz en Caroline.
3. JACQUES BOYD.
Jean Boyd, Gabriel Boyd, frères néz à Bourdeaux,
et fils de Jean Boyd et de Jeanne.
Jeanne Berchaud, femme du dit Jean Boyd.
Jeanne Élizabet Boyd, Jacques Boyd, Jean Auguste Boyd,
enfans du dit Jean Boyd, et de la dite Jeanne Berchaud,
néz en Caroline.
4. *PAUL BRUNEAU DE RIUEDOUX, Escuyer, fils de
Bruneau, et de né à la Rochelle.
Henri Bruneau, est fils de Henri Bruneau, et de Marie,
né à la Rochelle.
5. JACQUES LE SERURIER, né à St.
Quantin en Picardie
fils de Jacques Le Serurier, et de Marie Le Comte.
Élizabet Leger, sa femme.
6. *PIERRE DE ST. JULIEN, Malacare, né à
Vitre en Bretagne,
fils de Pierre St. Julien, Malacare, et de Jeanne Le Febure,
Damaris Élizabet Le Serurier, sa femme.
Pierre et Jacques, leurs enfans, néz en Caroline.
7. ABRAHAM FLEURY, De la Pleine, né à
Tours, fils de
Charles Fleury, et de Madeleine Soupzmain.
Marianne Fleury, sa fille, veuve de Jacques Dugué, née
à Paris, et Marianne Dugué, fille du défunct
Dugué, et du dit Marianne Fleury, née en Caroline.
8. *DANIEL HUGER, né à Loudun,
fils de Jean Huger, et Anne Rassin.
Margueritte Perdriau, sa femme.
Margueritte Huger, leur fille, née à Rochelle.
Daniel et Madeleine Huger, leurs enfans, néz en Caroline.
That means 3 Kids - Margueritte, Daniel and Madeleine
9. *ISAAC CAILLABEUF, né à Ste. Soline,
fils de Louis Caillabeuf
et de marie Charuyer.
Rachel, Fanton, sa femme.
Isaac, Etienne et Anne Caillabeuf, leurs enfans, néz en Caroline.
10. PIERRE LA SALLE, né à Bourdeaux,
fils de Charles La Salle,
et de Susanne Hugla.
Élizabeth Messett, sa femme.
Pierre et Élizabeth La Salle, leurs enfans néz en
11. FRANÇOIS DE ROUSSERIE, né à
Monpelier, fils d'Alexandre DeRousserye,
et de Marie Suranne.
12. PIERRE BURETEL, né à la Rochelle,
fils de Charles Buretel,
et de Sara Bouhier.
Élizabeth Chintrie, sa femme.
13. DANIEL BONNEL, fils de Jean Bonnel, et de Marie
Marie Izambert, sa femme.
Susanne Bonnell, leur fille, née en Caroline.
14. JONAS BONHOSTE, né à Paris, fils
de Pierre Bonhoste et de Marie Garlin.
Catherine Allaire, sa femme.
Jonas Bonhoste, leur fils né en Caroline.
15. PIERRE DUGUÉ, Isaac Dugué, son
frère, et Élizabeth Dugué, leur sæur,
néz à Bésance en Bery, enfans de Jacques Dugué
et d'Élizabet Dupuy.
16. JACQUES DU BOSC, né à St. Ambroise
fils d' André Du Bosc, et de Marie Le Stoade.
Marie Dugué, sa femme.
Marie Du Bosc, leur fille née en Caroline.
17. PHILIPE NORMAND, né à Germain
fils de Philipe Normand, et de Jeanne Pineau.
Élizabet Juin, sa femme,
18. ANTHOINE BONNEAU, né à la Rochelle,
fils de Jean Bonneau et de Catherine Roi.
Catherine Du Bliss, sa femme.
Anthoine Bonneau, Jean Henri Bonneau, leurs enfans néz en
et Jacob Bonneau, leur fils né en Caroline.
19. PIERRE COLLIN, né en L'isle de Ré,
fils de Jean Collin,
et de Judith Vasleau.
20. PIERRE POINSET, l' aîné, né
à Soubize, fils de Pierre Poinset,
et Marie sa femme.
21. PIERRE POINSET, le jeune, né à
Soubize, fils du dit
Pierre et Sara Fouchereau.
Anne Gobard sa femme,