- Son of Francis
- Born 1805
- Charleston, SC
- Died 1877
- Charleston SC
: Elizabeth Celestine Pinckney 7 Feb, 1831
: Benjamin, Eustis, Francis, Thomas Pinckney and Celestine Pinckney
Norfolk, Roanoke Island, Seven Pines, White Oak Swamp and Malvern
Born in Charleston,
S.C., 1805, died, Dec., 1877. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy,
1825 and served through the Mexican War as chief of ordnance to
General Scott's Army. Sent by the government with Generals McClelland
and Mordecai to observe and report on the war in the Crimea, 1856.
At the beginning of the Civil War he entered the Confederate Army
as a Brigadier General and soon made a Major General. In the battles
of the Peninsula and near Richmond.
Benjamin Huger was born at Charleston in 1806, son of Francis Kinlock
Huger, whose wife was a daughter of Gen. Thomas Pinckney. His father,
who was aide-de-camp to General Wilkinson in 1800, and adjutant-general
in the war of 1812, suffered imprisonment in Austria for assisting
in the liberation of Lafayette from the fortress of Olmutz; his
grandfather, Benjamin Huger, was a famous revolutionary patriot,
killed before Charleston during the British occupation; and his
great-great-grandfather was Daniel Huger, who fled from France before
the revocation of the edict of Nantes and died in South Carolina
in I711. General Huger was graduated at West Point in 1825, with
a lieutenancy in the Third artillery. He served on topographical
duty until 182 8, then visited Europe on leave of absence; after
being on ordnance duty a year was promoted captain of ordnance in
1832, a department of the service in which he had a distinguished
career. He was in command of Fortress Monroe arsenal twelve years,
was me mber of the ordnance board seven years, and one year was
on official duty in Europe. He went into the war with Mexico as
chief of ordnance on the staff of General Scott, and received in
quick succession the brevets of major, lieutenant-colonel and colonel
, for gallant and meritorious conduct at Vera Cruz, Molino del Rey
and Chapultepec. In 1852 he was presented a sword by South Carolina
in recognition of the honor his career had cast upon his native
State. After this war he was a member of the board which prepared
a system of artillery instruction for the army, and was in command
of the armories at Harper's Ferry, Charleston and Pikesville, Md.,
with promotion to major of ordnance, until his resignation from
the old army to follow his State in h er effort for independence.
He was commissioned colonel of artillery in the regular army of
the Confederate States, in June, brigadier-general in the provisional
service, and in October, 1861, major-general. In May, 1861, he was
assigned to command of the department of Southern Virginia and North
Carolina, with headquarters at Norfolk, and after the evacuation
of Norfolk and Portsmouth in the spring of 1862, he commanded a
division of the army under General Johnston and General Lee, during
the campaigns w hich included the battles of Seven Pines and the
series of important actions ending at Malvern hill. Subsequently
he was assigned as inspector of artillery and ordnance in the armies
of the Confederate States, and in 1863 was appointed chief of ordnance
o f the Trans-Mississippi department. After the conclusion of hostilities
he was engaged for several years in farming in Fauquier county,
Va. His death occurred at his native city of Charleston, December
7, 1877. His son, Frank Huger, a graduate of the Unit ed States
military academy, 1860, entered the Confederate service as captain
of the Norfolk light artillery and had a conspicuous career with
the army of Northern Virginia, rising to the rank of lieutenant-colonel
and the command of a battalion of artille ry of the First corps.
Brigadier-General Micah Jenkins was born on Edisto island in 1839.
After his graduation at the South Carolina military academy, at
the head of his class, he with the co-operation of his classmate,
Asbury Coward, founded the King's Mountain military school in 1855.
His military genius was valuable in the first organization of troops
in 1861, and he was elected colonel of the Fifth regiment, with
which he went to Virginia, in the brigade of Gen. D. R. Jones. In
the latter part of 1861 he was in command of t hat brigade, and
had grown greatly in favor with his division commander, General
Benjamin Huger was born in Charleston, South Carolina, on November
22, 1805. His family had a long-standing military reputation, and
young Huger himself graduated from West Point in 1825. He was assigned
to the artillery, but spent three years working on topographical
duty, then became an ordinance officer. For about twelve years,
he commanded the armory at Fort Monroe, in Virginia. Huger was also
part of the War Department ordnance board, and spent a year studying
methods of Continental warfare in Europe. In the Mexican War, Huger
became chief of ordnance to Winfield Scott. He received several
brevets for his service in three campaigns. Upon his return to the
US in 1848, Huger served on a board to develop new artillery tactics,
and then was superintendent of armories in Virginia, Maryland and
other states of the South. In 1861, he joined the Confederate army,
and was made a brigadier general on June 17, 1861. Less than four
months later, he was promoted to major general. Huger was placed
in command of the Department of Norfolk, and soon declared that
his district was held too weakly to be effective against Union forces.
In May of 1862, when Union troops were approaching, Huger ordered
the destruction of the city's works and naval yard, had the CSS
"Virginia" dismantled and evacuated the area. While in
command of Roanoke Island, North Carolina, he failed to reinforce
the troops, and they had to surrender to the Union expeditionary
force. Although the Confederate Congress investigated Huger's part
in this defeat, Confederate President Jefferson Davis gave him divisional
command under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Huger led the division at
Seven Pines and in several battles in the Seven Days' Campaign.
He was relieved of duty on July 12, 1862, because of his lackluster
leadership in battles such as White Oak Swamp and Malvern Hill.
Placed on artillery and ordnance-inspection duty, he served in the
Western theater and in the Trans-Mississippi Department. By the
end of the war, he was in poor health. He retired from the military
and worked as a farmer, first in North Carolina, then in Virginia.
He returned to his hometown of Charleston, South Carolina, at the
end of his life, and died there, on December 7, 1877.
L. A. ARMISTEAD,
Commanding at Petersburg:
have received you letter of the 26th instant to General Cooper,
in which you express the opinion that the obstructions in the Appomattox
River should have been placed at the Point of Rocks, instead of
above Port Walthall. General Huger wrote on the 21st instant
that he was endeavoring to obstruct the river at the Point of Rocks,
and would if possible render the barrier effective. This work if
incomplete should be continued with the utmost energy, unless it
has been decided to be impracticable.
officer assigned to the charge of the work in obstructing the river
is unquestionably under your direction as commanding officer of
the district. He was under the immediate control of the Engineer
Bureau only until General Huger was assigned to the command
of the Department of the Appomattox.
your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
Battle of Seven
Pines (Chesapeake Bay) 1862
On May 30th
it rained heavily and this the River Chickahomaney and the bridges
across were flooded.
the two Union Corps in the South from the rest of the Union Army
across the river in the north.
General Joseph Johnston ordered General Longstreet to make the main
attack striking east to Seven Pines. It was to be a three pronged
attack : Major General Huger on the Charles City Road : D.H.Hill
on the Williamsburg Road and General Longstreet himself on the Nine
of the attack [ set at 8.00 am ] was down to General Huger who,
when in position, was to signal Hill who would commence the attack:
the gunfire would be heard by Longstreet who would then throw his
troops into the action.
It was a
sound plan and if all went well the two Union Corps would be attacked
on the left, in front and on the right.
all did not go to plan.
Longstreet, in a rare moment, misunderstood his orders and marched
south to Williamson Road-----thus reducing the three pronged attack
to two, but in many ways more important, caused chaos on the Williamson
Road where Hill was to attack on Huger's signal.
and misunderstanding delayed the start of the attack until after